Office Holders of Cumberland County from 1750

The Office Holder list includes major offices. Phase I covers 1750-1799 and will be periodically refined for additions and corrections.

     The Office Holder list is sorted by: 
        Office (pdf)
        Date (pdf)
        Surname (pdf)

     Major sources being used are Cumberland County records such as Election Returns, Oaths Office, Minutes,  Quarter Sessions Dockets, Commission Dockets, Appearance Docket, etc. Past research efforts are also being consulted, such as History of Cumberland County by Rev. Conway P. Wing 1879, History of Cumberland County 1884,  WPA 1939 Research Project, etc.  
Note 1:  Two or more names may appear in the same year for the same office due to
    1.        the filling of vacancies resulting from death, resignation, or removal of office
    2.        overlapping terms within a year
    3.        conflicting dates in the sources
Note 2:  The various spellings of early names and place names have not been standardized and a “?”  questions transcription form original text. 
     The evolutionary chart below summarizes general dates for major offices and positions of Cumberland County from 1750.  For evolution of these offices prior to 1750 consult County Government and Archives in Pennsylvania (Stevens Sylvester K. and Donald H. Kent editors. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania Historical Commission. 1947.)
     As an on-going project, it will be periodically refined with additions and corrections.
            (last update 1 July 2008)
Office: Alphabetically arranged by office or position.  Only one term used for an office or position in most cases (ex: Warden represents Keeper of Jail, etc.).
Year Established:  Existed in 1750 unless otherwise indicated.
Year Abolished:  Still in existence unless indicated.
Years Appointed:  Year is based on PA Constitution or PA Law with (w/) reference to appointment authority and term.
Year Became First Elected & Term Change: Year based on PA Constitution or PA Law with (w/) reference term information.  Last entry still in existence.

Office Year Established Year Abolished Years Appointed Year Became Elected & Term Change
Assessor County
 
1780
 
 
Assessor
 
 
 
-1696 w/6 for each county
-1701 w/1 year term
Associate Judge(not “learned in law”)
 
1874
-1790/91 by appointment of  Governor for indefinite term    See President Judge; See Judges
-1838 w/5 yr term (usually 2)   STATE ELECTED  
Auditor
 
1961
 
-1790/91 by Court of Common  Pleas Judges w/indefinite term
  (usually 3 chosen)
-1809 w/1 yr term
-1814 w/3 yr term
  (3 auditors w/1 elected each year)
-1838 w/3 yr term
-1909 w/4 yr term
   See Controller
Clerk of the Court of Quarter Sessions and Oyer & Terminer (&
General Jail Delivery)

 
 
SEE Clerk of Peace
-1838 w/3 yr term
-1909 w/4 yr term
Clerk of the Orphans’ Court
 
 
-Prior 1838 see Clerk of Peace
-1838 w/3 yr term
-1909 w/4 yr term
Clerk of the Peace
  (Clerk of Sessions)
  clerk for all courts
 
1838
 
-1701 appointed by Governor from 3 persons nominated by Justices of the Peace
-1790 appointed by Governor  alone
-1838 SEE 1) Clerk of the Court of Quarter Sessions and Oyer & Terminer 2) Prothonotary
 
Commissioners
 
 
 
-1722 w/3 yr term
-1776 w/3 yr term & 3 Comm.
-1909 w/4 yr term
Controller
1961
 
 
-1961 w/4 yr term
Coroner
 
 
-1701 appointed by Governor w/3 yr term
-1790 appointed by Governor from 2 names elected by county citizens w/3 yr term
-1838 w/3 yr term
-1909 w/4 yr term
County Surveyor
1850
 
-Pre 1850 appointed by Surveyor General & called  Deputy Surveyor
-1850 w/3 yr term
-1909 w/4 yr term
District Attorney
1850
 
-Pre 1850 appointed by Attorney General and called Deputy Attorney General
-1850
-1874 w/3 yr term
-1909 w/4yr term
Fence Viewer
 
 
-1685 appointed by country courts
 
Judge
 “learned in law”
1874
 
 
-1874 w/10 yr term
Jury Commissioner
1867
 
 
-1867 w/3 yr term
-1909 w/4 yr term
Justice of Peace
 
 
- to 1776 appointed by Governor
 
-1776 w/7yr term
  ELECTED BY MUNICIPALITY
Mercantile Appraiser
1846
 
-1804 appointed by Commissioners
-1838/1841 appointed by Commissioners
-1874 appointed by Commissioners w/1 yr term
-by 1940 appointed by State Auditor General
 
Orphans’ Court Judge
1874
 
 
-1874 w/10 yr term
Overseer of the Poor - townships
 
ca 1808
phased out
-to 1809 appointed
    SEE  POOR DIRECTORS
-1809 ELECTED BY MUNICIAPLITY
Poor Director County
1808 phased in
1937 phased out
-1937 Commissioners phased in as Directors of  Board of  “Institutional District”
-1838 w/3 yr term (3 directors)
-1874 w/3 yr term
President Judge
 
 
-1777 appointed by State
-1838 w/10 yr term
  STATE ELECTED
-1874 w/10 yr term elected by county citizens
Prothonotary
  (Clerk of the Court of Common Pleas)
 
 
-prior to 1838 SEE Clerk of Peace
-1838 w/3 yr term
-1909 w/4 yr term
Recorder of Deeds
 
 
-1776 by Governor w/indefinite term (combined office w/Register of Wills)
-1790/91 by Governor w/indefinite term as separate office
-1838 w/3 yr term
-1909 w/4 yr term
Register of Wills
 
 
-1776 by Governor w/indefinite term (combined office w/Recorder of Deeds)
-1790/91 by Governor w/indefinite term as separate office
-1838 w/3 yr term
-1909 w/4 yr term
Road Viewers
  (i.e. Viewers of
    Roads; Highways )
 
 
-1701 appointed by county Justices of Peaces
-1776 appointed by county Justices of Peace
-1790/91 appointed by  Pres. Judges & Assoc Judicial District
-1802 appointed by Quarter Sessions Court (usually 6) w/indefinite term
-1838 appointed by Pres. Judge etc. Judicial District
-1845 reduced to 3 viewers
-1874 appointed by Pres. Judge etc. w/indefinite term
-1911 Board of Viewers established
 
Sealer of Weights & Measures
  (if exists)
At least by 1914
At least until 1965
-1790/91 by Governor w/indefinite term
-1838 appointed by Governor w/indefinite term
-1874 appointed by Governor w/3 yr term
 
Sheriff
 
 
-1701 appointed by Governor w/3 yr term
-1790/91 by Governor from 2 names   elected by county citizens w/ 3 yr term
-1838 w/3 yr term
-1909 w/4 yr term
Solicitor
 
 
-1895 appointed by Commissioners
 
Superintendent of Schools
1854
 
 
-1954 ELECTED BY SCHOOL DIRECTORS w/3 yr term
-1911 ELECTED BY SCHOOL DIRECTORS w/4  yr term
Treasurer
 
 
-1776 by assessors & Commissioners
-1780-1841 appointed by Commissioners w/indefinite term
-1799 w/1 yr term
-1841 w/2 yr term
-1909 w/4 yr term
Warden
    (i.e. Keeper of Jail;
    Goal; Penitentiary)
 
 
-1791 appointed by Sheriff w/indefinite term
 
 

Dept. & Others Date Office/Dept Established Note
COMMISSIONERS
  Departments


Administrative Services


Aging & Community Services


Agricultural Extension
  (Independent?)

Penn State Agricultural  Cooperative & Extension Office
Bureau of Elections &
       Voter Registration


Children & Youth
1937
By Cty Institutional District Act; amended 1961
Commissioners
1750
 
Conservation District
1953 (July)
 
Crime Lab
 
 
Drug & Alcohol
 
 
Economic Development
   CVVB - Tourism
2005
1. 2005="501(c)3" including Tourism Promotion Agency (what legal name?)
Finance  (Budget/Payroll)
1995 (Oct)
 
Human Resources
 
 
IMTO
   GIS
    ERP(Enterprise Resource Planning)
1) 1999
 
3) ERP
 
 
ERP originally Civil Defense (?1956?)
Library System
 
 
Maintenance/Facilities
 
 
Mental Health &
        Mental Retardation
1967
 
Nursing Home
 
Pre 1808 (by twp/boros 1808 (Perry Cty Home)
1829 (Carlisle, C Cty
Planning Commission/Zoning
 
       Farmland Preservation
 
 
2) 1989 (July) Farmland Preservation
 
 
2) 1st known as C Cty Agricultural Land Preservation Board
Prison/Warden
See above chart
 
Public Defender
1960s
 
Public Safety (OEP)
Operation of Emergency Preparedness
 
 
Redevelopment & Housing Authority
1975
1. board members appointed by Cty commissioners, but doesn’t receive any general funds from cty – not considered cty agency
Solid Waste
1991
1. 1975 Solid Waste Authority
Solicitor
 
 
Tax Assessment
 
 
Tax Administration
 
 
Tax Claims
1962
1. Tax Claim Bureau under 1947 “Real Estate Law (Act 542)
Tax Mapping?
 
 
Transportation
1980
 
Vector Control/Weights & Measures
 
 
Veterans Affairs
 
 
COURTS


Court Administrator
              
1983
1. by PA Constitution of 1968; previously functions belonged to President Judge; did Judges keep until 1983?
Central Processing ?
 
 
Divorce Master
 
 
Domestic Relations
 
 
Judges
 
 
Jury Services
 
 
Probation, Adult
1966
1. 1949-1966 just Probation w/Juvenile & Adult
Probation, Juvenile
1966
1. 1949-1966 just Probation w/Adult & Juvenile
Victim Services