Juvenile Justice Definitions


- Responsibility the juvenile has for repairing the harm caused by the crime committed.

Adjudication of Delinquency

- the formal verdict by the Juvenile Court Judge that says the juvenile is in need of treatment, supervision, and rehabilitation.  This is comparable to a finding of guilt in an Adult Court.

Case Plan

- blueprint for the juvenile while under the Court's supervision.  This includes individualized strategies and interventions that are outlined to address specific risk factors.  This is comparable to Conditions of Probation in an Adult Court.

Community Based

- services or counseling that juveniles can complete while still living with their parent/guardian.

Community Service

- work completed by juveniles without pay that contribute positively to the community as a whole.

Consent Decree

- legal agreement that allows the juvenile to be supervised by the Juvenile Probation Office but does not adjudicate the juvenile delinquent.  The juvenile will be required to meet with a probation officer on a regular basis and work to complete a Case Plan.  This is comparable to Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition (A.R.D.) in an Adult Court.

Delinquent Act

- a crime committed by a juvenile.  This is comparable to criminal charges in an Adult Court.


- a temporary holding facility for juveniles while they await a hearing for a Delinquent Act or a Violation of Probation.  This is comparable to jail in an Adult Court.


- a hearing in front of the Judge that will determine what expectations/services a juvenile will be required to complete.  Dispositions could include probation supervision, community service, and/or counseling.  This is comparable to a sentencing hearing in an Adult Court.


- the removal of a juvenile's criminal and court record

Formal Probation

- supervision by the Juvenile Probation Department after a juvenile has been adjudicated delinquent.  The juvenile will be required to meet with a probation officer on a regular basis and work to complete a Case Plan.  This is comparable to Probation/Parole in an Adult Court

Intake Investigation/Social History

- gathering of information on the juvenile by a probation officer to allow for appropriate recommendations to the Judge.  This will include family history, school records, prior criminal history, mental health diagnoses, and/or any drug and alcohol use.


- Youth between the ages of 10 and 18.


- juveniles who require intensive supervision and/or more concentrated therapeutic services can be Court Ordered to be removed from their home and placed into an Out-of-Home Placement to assist in meeting their needs.


- money owed to victim due to the damage caused by a criminal offense.

Violation of Probation

- actions of a juvenile under supervision of the Court that negatively impact progress.  This could include a positive drug test, breaking curfew, not attending counseling, etc.

Youth Aid Panel

- Diversionary program for first time, less serious juvenile offenders who acknowledge wrongdoing.  The juvenile is given a "contract" created by a panel of community volunteers to aid the juvenile in recognizing their wrongdoing and taking responsibility for their actions.  The juvenile never appears in a hearing with a Juvenile Court Judge and there is no official Court involvement for the juvenile.

YLS Assessment

- a risk assessment tool that allows probation officers to determine the level of risk a juvenile presents to re-offend as well as identifying potential risk factors, or areas of need, that can be used to help juveniles improve behavior.