Juvenile Justice Definitions
Accountability- The responsibility the juvenile has for repairing the harm caused by the crime they committed.
Adjudication of Delinquency- the formal verdict by the Juvenile Court Judge that says the juvenile is in need of treatment, supervision, and rehabilitation. This is comparable to a finding of guilt in an Adult Court.
Case Plan-This is a blueprint for the juvenile while under the Court's supervision. This includes individualized strategies and interventions that are outlined to address specific risk factors through risk assessment tools.
Community Based- Services or counseling that juveniles can complete while still living with their parent/guardian in the community.
Community Service- Work completed by juveniles without pay that contribute positively to the community.
Delinquent Act- a crime committed by a juvenile ages 10-17 which gives the juvenile court jurisdiction over the alleged act. This is comparable to criminal charges in an Adult Court.
Detention- A temporary holding facility for juveniles while they await a hearing for a Delinquent Act or a Violation of Probation.
Disposition- A final determination made by the court after an adjudication of delinquency or any determination that ceases juvenile court action on a case. Below is a list of possible dispositions--
Allegation withdrawn- Requires that a petition be filed and a court order which dismisses the allegation.
Allegation dismissed- Does not require that a petition be filed and does not require a court order.
Youth Aid Panel- A decision is made to divert an allegation at intake for community intervention by placing the juvenile into the Youth Aid Panel Program. All referrals will be reviewed and approved by the Juvenile Probation Department Supervisor. A period of Youth Aid Panel involvement is 3-6 months.
Referral to another agency- A decision is made to refer a case at intake to another social service agency, which will be approved by a Juvenile Probation Department Supervisor.
Informal Adjustment- A period of informal supervision for 3-6 months which does not require a court hearing. The juvenile and his or her parent/guardian must agree to accept the probation without a hearing. The juvenile may be referred for community based treatment and counseling under the terms of the informal adjustment.
Consent Decree- Requires that a petition be filed and a court appearance which places the juvenile on a period of supervision for 6 months which may be extended up to 12 months by order of the court. Under the terms of the consent decree, the juvenile is eligible for all community-based treatment programs. A juvenile who successfully completes a consent decree will have no record of an adjudication of delinquency.
Formal Probation- Requires the filing of a petition and a court order at which time the court finds the juvenile to be in need of treatment, supervision, and rehabilitation and places the juvenile on probation for a period of 1 year.
Placement- Requires the filing of a petition and a court appearance in which the court finds the juvenile to be in need of treatment, supervision, and rehabilitation and commits the juvenile to an appropriate facility.