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West Nile Virus does not spread from person-to-person contact. Mosquitoes transmit the virus “by feeding on infected birds and transmit the disease when biting another bird, animal, or human,” according to a Cumberland County statement.
Health statistics show that one in five people infected with the virus develop a mild infection called West Nile Fever. The symptoms are aches, fever, skin rash, and swollen lymph nodes. Most people recover in a few days with rest and fluids.
Less than one percent of infections develop into life-threatening West Nile Encephalitis. The symptoms of that are high fever, headache, neck stiffness, muscle weakness, disorientation, tremors, and convulsions. This type of infection requires immediate medical treatment.
Cumberland County’s West Nile Virus program has a plan to control mosquitoes that limits the effects on people and the environment. According to the county, “Vector Control will continue to collect and monitor the mosquito population and to actively treat water habitat to limit future generations of mosquitoes.”
Here are some tips the county says will help to prevent the spread by mosquitoes: